Gatterkamm-Webrahmen: Wozu zwei Gatterkämme?

Reed loom: Why two reeds?

Weaving on a rigid heddle loom is a fascinating craft activity that allows the production of beautiful textiles. These looms are known for their simplicity, efficiency and versatility. In particular, the use of a second or even third weaving loom makes it possible to exploit the full potential of the loom. In this text, we will look at what a rigid heddle loom is and the advantages of using a second heddle loom.

What is a reed loom?

Before we get into the second reed loom, let us first understand what a reed loom is. A reed loom , sometimes simply referred to as a loom, is a tool used for weaving textiles. It consists of a rectangular frame, traditionally made of wood. In this frame, there are holes or slots through which the warp threads are passed.

The name "weaving reed" (also called reed, weaving comb or reed) refers to the movable combs used in the loom. These combs can be made of different materials such as wood, metal or plastic. The combs come in different grades of fineness. The most common are 30/10, 40/10 and 50/10.

heddle weaving comb

The bars of a creel comb are drilled through the middle. The warp threads run alternately through the holes in the bars (hole threads) and through the slots between the bars (slotted threads). By raising and lowering the creel comb, the hole threads are moved, while the slotted threads maintain their position. In this way, a compartment is created for the shuttle: alternating between a high compartment above the slotted threads and a low compartment below the slotted threads. The shuttle is always sent alternately through a high compartment and a low compartment. The comb also serves here to press each weft thread onto the finished fabric after insertion.

weaving comb

Why two gate combs?

A reed loom can use either one, two, or even more reeds. The video above shows weaving with two reeds.

The video below even covers weaving with three creels on the loom, showing an advanced diamond pattern in different variations.

Most beginners start with a single reed, as this is already challenging enough to begin with. With a single reed, you can create solid weave patterns and fabrics (e.g. a scarf) by crossing the warp threads and the cross threads or weft threads in the classic way.

If you want to equip your loom with a second reed comb, you need to check whether one can be attached at all. With the high-quality models from Ashford or Glimåkra , this is usually not a problem. However, you will need a second weaving comb holder.

warp thread weft thread

But why do some weavers choose to add a second reed? The three main reasons:

  1. The possibility of more complex patterns
  2. You can go beyond the web width of your own frame
  3. Creating double-layered fabrics

The decision of whether to use one or two reed combs depends on individual goals and preferences. While one reed comb allows you to weave beautiful fabrics and patterns, a second reed comb opens up a world of creative possibilities and more complex weaving techniques.

If you are just starting out in weaving, it may be advisable to start with a single reed comb to learn the basics. Then, as time goes on and you gain experience, you can decide whether you want to take on the challenge of a second reed comb.

It's also important to note that using two creel combs requires some extra patience and practice. Threading and moving the warp threads can be more complicated, and it may take some time to get used to the new dynamic. But remember that weaving is a craft process that grows with each project and challenge.

At the Berliner Webstuhl Manufaktur we offer a wide range of reed looms , including those with two reeds.

loom online shop

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