Weben: Die meistgestellten Fragen

Weaving: The most frequently asked questions

Weaving is an ancient craft that has become increasingly popular again in recent years. More and more people are interested in this creative activity. They often ask the same questions. In this article we will answer some of the most common questions about weaving:

Are you interested in weaving? Then take a look at the Visit the Berliner Webstuhl Manufaktur , where you will find weaving frames and looms for beginners and advanced weavers.

loom online shop

What does weaving mean?

Weaving creates a textile surface by interweaving different yarns. This process involves at least two tensioned thread directions: the warp thread and the weft thread. The warp thread is tensioned tightly, while the weft thread runs at right angles to it and crosses the warp thread. Depending on how the weaving is carried out and which special yarns (effect yarns) are used, a wide variety of textiles are created, such as carpets, wall hangings, bookmarks, placemats, coasters and much more, which represent impressive works of art.

What do you need for weaving?

To start weaving, you will need basic equipment and materials. Here is a list of what you will need:

Loom or weaving loom: This is the main tool used for weaving. There are different types of looms including hand looms, table looms and jacquard looms. The choice depends on your preferences and budget.

Weaving yarns: You will need yarns or threads suitable for weaving. The choice will depend on your project, but cotton, wool, linen and silk are popular options.

Weaving combs and needles: These tools are used to arrange, smooth and correct mistakes in the threads.

Cutting tools: You will need scissors or weaving knives to cut the threads.

Shuttles and, if necessary, weaving weights: These help to maintain the tension of the threads and make the weaving even.

Weaving books and patterns: These are helpful for learning patterns and techniques. You can use both printed books and online resources.

Workplace: You need a suitable workspace with sufficient light and space for your loom or weaving frame.

Time and Patience: Weaving takes time and practice. It is important to be patient and focus on learning and improving your skills.

Creativity: Weaving offers space for creativity. Bring in your ideas and experiment with different colors, patterns and techniques.

With this basic equipment, you can pursue weaving as a hobby or even as a craft. There are many resources and courses that can help you develop your skills and create more advanced projects.

What do you need a loom for?

A loom is a specialized tool used primarily for the craft of weaving. Here are some of the main purposes for which a loom is needed:
Textile manufacturing: The main purpose of a loom is to weave different yarns or threads to produce textiles. These can be fabrics, carpets, blankets, table linens, clothing, wall hangings and many other types of fabrics.
Creative hobby: Many people use looms as a creative hobby to create unique and handmade textiles. It offers the opportunity to create works of art with different patterns and colors.
Arts and Crafts: Handwoven textiles often have a special aesthetic quality and are highly valued in the arts and crafts industry. Artists and artisans use looms to create unique products that are in demand in the market.
Traditional Crafts: Weaving is an ancient craft that plays an important role in many cultures. Looms are often used to create traditional clothing, carpets, and other culturally significant textiles.
Artistic expression: For some artists, the loom serves as a means of creative self-expression and of communicating messages or stories in their artwork.
Education and teaching: In schools, workshops and educational institutions, looms are often used to teach students the basics of weaving and to encourage artistic skills.

Why was the loom so important in the past?

The loom was of crucial importance in the development of mankind. It enabled the efficient and rapid production of textiles, thereby promoting economic development, facilitating the division of labor and, in particular, contributing to the Industrial Revolution. Culturally and socially, weaving played an important role and countries with a flourishing textile industry were able to increase their prosperity, engage in trade and develop art and culture. Overall, the loom was a crucial tool in the history of textile production and had far-reaching effects on the economy, culture and society.

What is a shaft in weaving?

By raising and lowering the shafts, and thus influencing the position of the warp threads, the weaving pattern is created. The warp threads are organized into groups that are attached to the shafts by heddles. Depending on the desired pattern, the shafts are adjusted to raise or lower the corresponding groups of warp threads.

The configuration of the shafts is crucial to ensuring that the shuttles can glide smoothly through the open weave pattern without touching the warp threads.

shaft weaving

What do children learn while weaving?

Weaving teaches children a variety of skills and important lessons. They develop their fine motor skills as grasping, pulling and manipulating threads requires precise hand movements. Creativity is encouraged as children can choose colors, patterns and materials and create unique textile pieces.

Weaving also teaches patience and perseverance, as it takes time to complete a project. Children learn to stay focused and complete tasks through to the end. Problem-solving skills are developed as mistakes occur and one finds ways to fix them and continue the project.

Math skills such as counting and measuring threads are also encouraged. Children learn to concentrate on their work and pay attention to details to create high-quality products.

Through weaving, children learn more about the culture and history of this craft and society, as it has a long tradition in many cultures. Self-expression is enabled, as children can create individual designs.

Successfully completed weaving projects build children's confidence and self-esteem. Weaving together in groups or classes promotes social skills as children work together, share ideas and learn from each other.

Overall, weaving is a versatile activity that develops creative and craft skills while teaching important life and social skills. It is a valuable learning experience for children of all ages.

Which yarn is suitable for weaving?

Whether it's carpets, table runners or bags, it's important to know which yarn is particularly suitable for which purpose.

Jute yarns are particularly useful for rug finishes, such as hemming. This is especially true for sheep's wool rugs, as jute does not shrink widthwise, similar to sheep's wool. A recommended technique is to weave about an inch with the thin jute yarn to ensure a tight bond and to make sure everything stays in place when you cut it.

Linen warp yarns are extremely strong, yet thin so they don't add too much bulk. They are great for rugs and are often used in our own hand weaving for rugs, whether they are cotton or wool rugs.

Cotton warp yarns are ideal for table runners, macrame wall art, bags and even rugs.

Twisted wool yarns and Smyrna wool are often used as weft yarns for table runners, macrame wall hangings, bags and thinner rugs.

There are countless other yarns available, such as silk, polyester and nylon yarns, alpaca or mohair yarns and even bamboo yarn. Choosing the right yarn depends on your weaving project, your aesthetic preferences and the desired properties of the final product. Each yarn has its own unique properties and can produce different effects, so it's worth trying out different yarns and experimenting to find out which one suits your project best.

How do you recognize warp and weft?

When it comes to the arrangement of threads in a textile fabric, we talk about the grain. In any fabric, there are always two basic thread directions: the weft and the warp. The thread that runs across is called the weft, while the threads that run lengthways are known as the warp. In this way, the weft and the warp determine the direction of the threads in a fabric. In knitted textiles, on the other hand, the thread direction does not matter.

What is a gate comb?

A weaving comb is used to open and close the shed through which the weft thread passes. It also serves to push the weft threads towards the already woven work. In contrast, a reed comb is a special weaving comb that has slits and holes in it. This comb is used to work more complex patterns and structures into the fabric. The slits and holes in the reed comb allow certain weft threads to be placed in a targeted manner and others to be held back to create the desired designs. So the reed comb is an important tool in the art of weaving to create different patterns and textures.

What is the difference between yarn and wool?

The difference between yarn and wool lies in their definition and application:

  1. Wool: The term "wool" refers to animal fibers obtained from the fur of animals such as sheep, alpacas, and others. Wool is a material name and describes the natural fiber product that comes from these animals.
  2. Yarn: In contrast, "yarn" is a broader term standardized under ISO standards. It includes all linear textiles, regardless of their base material. This means that yarn can be made from various materials, including wool, but also cotton, silk, synthetic fibers, and other materials. Yarn is the final product produced by spinning fibers, regardless of the fiber source.

In summary, "wool" refers specifically to animal fibers, while "yarn" is a more general term that covers any type of linear textile material, including but not limited to wool.

Are you interested in weaving? Then take a look at the Visit the Berliner Webstuhl Manufaktur , where you will find weaving frames and looms for beginners and advanced weavers.

loom online shop

Back to blog